BMW 330D - BROCHRUE 2010 Bedienungsanleitung

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CHOICE OF TOWCAR
This leaflet is prepared as a Club service. The contents are believed correct at the date of publication
but please raise any queries with the Club's Information office.
September 2008
Caravanning should be fun, and part of that fun should be the journey, and not just the
destination. Choosing the right towcar will go a long way to ensuring that your
towing experience is enjoyable and relaxed, as well as being safe and legal, of course.
Caravanners can create problems for themselves and attract the hostility of other road
users in two main ways: by being or appearing unsafe, or by holding up other traffic.
The first results from an outfit badly matched for weight, with a caravan too heavy for
the towcar to handle safely (outfit weight ratio) and the second from a towcar with
inadequate power to pull almost twice its own weight (power to weight ratio). Given
unlimited funds neither would occur, for you would choose a heavy, powerful car
which avoids both problems. In reality, most of us need an economical, generally
light car for most of the year and just an occasional towcar - it can therefore be a
difficult compromise in finding one that fits both bills.
1. OUTFIT WEIGHT RATIO
Leaving aside other considerations for a moment, for optimum towing performance,
the principle must be to have the heaviest practical towcar for a given caravan, for
otherwise the chances of a swaying trailer becoming an uncontrollably snaking trailer
are very real. Aim for a towed load of no more than 85% of the car's kerb weight
(KW) and never exceed 100%. Remember that the towed weight is the actual laden
weight (ALW) that the car is asked to pull (empty weight of caravan plus what you
add), not the theoretical maximum technically permissible laden mass (MTPLM).
When you have established your caravan's ALW, multiply it by 1.2 as a guide to the
kerb weight of car to aim for.
Remember that all the above are rules of thumb, not of law. Relating the unladen
weight of the car to the laden weight of the caravan is an example of a simple
formula, and the variable loading of the car is the reason why the car's laden weight is
not suggested. Of course the more you can load in the car without unbalancing it or
exceeding the manufacturer's stated axle loads and the less in the caravan, the more
secure you will be on the road.
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Inhaltsverzeichnis

Seite 1 - CHOICE OF TOWCAR

1 CHOICE OF TOWCAR This leaflet is prepared as a Club service. The contents are believed correct at the date of publication but please

Seite 2

10 version has a 2l engine, again produces either 140 or 170bhp (depending on specification), and 236 or 258 lb ft of torque at 1750 or 2000rpm. Bet

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11 Modern car engines are designed to be efficient from the moment they are switched on, so revving up like a Formula 1 car in pole position only w

Seite 4

12 Photocopies of various tried and tested reports, and new car tests featured in the Caravan Club Magazine are available to member

Seite 5

13 Power to Weight Ratio Calculations Car Kerbweight kg (cwt) Caravan 85% KW kg (cwt) Minimum quoted engine bhp required 900 (17.7) 765 (

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14 Definitions of Terms Used The Caravan Ex Works Weight The weight of the caravan as new with standard fixtures (Unladen Weight) and fittings

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15 The Towing Vehicle Kerb Weight There are two definitions for towing vehicle kerbweight. These are: 1. As defined in the Road Vehicle (Const

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16 VIN Plate / MTPLM Only applicable to post-August 1998 vehicles This calculation is based on the Gross Train Weight of your vehicle. If the G

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17 TOWCAR OF THE YEAR COMPETITION RESULTS 1998-2010 *Returning Champion YEAR OVERALL WINNER CARS UNDER £16,000 £16,000 TO £20,000 £20,000 TO

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18 YEAR OVERALL WINNER BUDGET CAR SMALL FAMILY CAR FAMILY CAR ESTATE CAR MPV COMPACT 4x4 FULL SIZE 4x4 2004 Subaru Forester 2.0 XT Mitsubishi Space S

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2 Note that when The Club or a caravan dealer does an outfit match assessment for you, this is usually based on a ‘worst case scenario’ of the car’s

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3 instance, a 2008 Ford Mondeo Hatchback can have between 70 and 137 bhp/tonne, depending on which engine, body style and trim level is chosen. Hook

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4 4. PETROL, DIESEL OR TURBO? The issue of ‘turbo or not turbo’ at least has become somewhat easier in recent years, and almost all cars with engin

Seite 14 - The Caravan

5 5. GEARING Gearing will also affect towing performance. All likely towcars now have at least five gears in manual gearboxes and probab

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6 modern diesel engine and a modern automatic gearbox is generally a delight, and some of the best towcars around fall into this categ

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7 Many caravanners see a 4x4 as the ‘ultimate’ towcar. Certainly, if you need a heavy car to match appropriately to a large caravan, then t

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8 Aids’ for more details) is rare these days. The choice between saloon, hatchback or estate will often come down to practicality – if you need to

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9 the Standard is bogus - it must have been tested to the Standard. The noseweight limit marked on the bracket may sometimes be higher than the nose

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